What to Know About Silicon Wafers

Semiconductors are a necessary part of modern society. Without them, most electronic components would fail to operate correctly. One of the most common elements used in semiconductors is silicon.


One of the main benefits of silicon is that it is an abundantly common metal. This makes it an inexpensive option for use in electronics. Because of its abundance, it is used in a variety of technological and electronic applications. One of the most common uses is in silicon wafers. Additional elements can be added during the process to alter the properties of the silicon for specific applications. The wafers are part of integrated circuits that sits beneath the built-in microelectronic devices. There are multiple ways silicon wafer polishing is done.


Common manufacturing methods include the vertical bridgeman method, Czochralski pulling method, the horizontal bridgeman method, the vertical gradient freeze and the horizontal gradient freeze method. Each process is slightly different but produces silicon wafers for use as semiconductors.


Integrated circuits are the primary uses for silicon wafers, but not the only uses. Common devices that use integrated circuits include the smartphone. With the advanced technology used in vehicles, semiconductors are increasingly used as part of the computer systems. Tire pressure sensor systems are one specific vehicle application. Silicon wafers are an important part of product testing for many companies. Because of the ability to absorb sunlight, silicon protons can create electricity in solar cells.


Semiconductors continue to be a key component of the modern world. Silicon wafers continue to prove their importance from micro to large sizes in a variety of technological applications. Gallium, boron, indium, nitrogen and aluminum can be added to the silicon for use as conductors in varying degrees. The application of silicon wafers is likely to continue to grow with more and more electronic devices created.